Continuing the story of Richard John Loveday.  Throughout his career with the Royal Sappers and Miners, Richard was shown as – Cabinet-Maker – and yet he performed excellent work for his entire service career as a Surveyor.


“It appears Richard Loveday and his colleagues almost immediately were engaged in their survey duties and for Richard this meant traversing the colony quite widely over the next nine years.
Early in 1856 it seems he was recalled from the field to the Surveyor General’s office and was instructed in the craft of lithographic printing for, in April 1856, as a footnote to a request by Captain Freeling to purchase printing ink, there is the comment ‘I attach a specimen of coloured lithography executed by Corporal Loveday RS&M under recent instructions which I consider very creditable’. Cover notes to this docket state that ‘the specimen of lithography…has given much satisfaction’.

Richard John Loveday’s decision to volunteer for service in South Australia brought a dramatic improvement to his financial situation. For the ten years since he had joined the Army he had been surviving on the basic pay of a Private, with the one increment of 1d per day after his first seven years long service and good conduct.

Choosing to serve with the South Australian Detachment had resulted in his appointment as acting Lance Corporal, which lifted his daily pay rate from 1/4½d to 1/11¾d. On 31st March 1847, during the voyage to Port Adelaide, he reached the 10th anniversary of his enlistment and immediately qualified for a second l penny per day good conduct.

As well as free rations, a major inducement to volunteer for overseas service was the promise of survey pay in addition to regimental pay. So considerable were all these changes of fortune that Richard Loveday’s annual pay with allowances improved from £20/1/10½d at Southampton in February 1847 to £72/1/10½d at Adelaide in December 1849.zi13067242_s013

There were subsequent increases during his Army service in Adelaide, including a third and fourth l penny per day increment after his 15 years and his 18 years of good conduct service respectively, and a more substantial rise on his subsequent promotion to Corporal. From being a Private of humble background struggling to support a wife and a rapidly growing family, within a few years Richard had become sufficiently affluent to start acquiring broad acre property.

Furthermore, as he approached his military pension at the end of his statutory 21 years of Army service, he knew that he would be less than 40 years of age yet with the experience, talent, standing and opportunity to play an important part in the transition of South Australia’s survey work from the Royal Engineers (as they were now known) to the Survey Department in the Colonial Government.

On 7 April 1858 Richard was examined by the Colonial Surgeon who certified that he was ‘unfit for service’ and recommended his discharge from the Corps. By this time Richard had served his obligatory 21 years in the service of the army. In his official discharge papers the ‘unfitness’ given by the doctor is stated as ‘chronic rheumatism’; probably the result of years spent on survey duties in the field, largely under canvas. B60189An application by the Surveyor General to retain Loveday’s services in the Lithographic Office was approved and became effective on the 7th April until the end of the year. He was formally engaged in the Land Office as Lithographer on 1 January 1859. He retained this position for ten years when he returned to the Survey Branch of the Crown Lands Department with the appointment of First Class Surveyor dating from 1 January 1869.

Two months prior to his discharge Cpl. Richard Loveday was promoted to the rank of Sergeant and, on his discharge from the Corps (now the Royal Engineers, it having absorbed the RS&M in 1856), Sergeant Richard John Loveday had earned 4 Good Conduct badges, a silver medal and a £5 gratuity. His conduct is given by Captain Freeling as ‘exemplary’, having served 21 years and 8 days, to which had been added a further 133 days service by the Acting Adjutant General’s Office in London. Of this he had given 11 years of military service in South Australia.

British Army Discharge Papers:-
Corporal Richard John Loveday by Trade a Cabinet maker was born in the parish of St Pancras in or near the town of Westminster in the Country of Middlesex and was attested for the Corps of Regimental Sapper and Miner a London in the County of Middlesex on the 31st March 1837 at the age of 18 years and three months that after making ever deduction required by Her Majesty’s Regulations, the Service up to this day, which he is entitled to reckon, amounts to 21 years, eight days, as shewn by the detailed statement on the 2nd page; during which period, he served abroad eleven years, viz.-
at South Australia 11 years and further that his discharge is proposed in consequence of his suffering from Chronic Rheumatism.

With regard to the Character and Conduct of Sergeant Richard John Loveday, I have to report that upon reference to the defaulter’s book and by the parole testimony that has been given it appears that he has never been tried by Court Martial – that he has had granted him a Silver Medal and a gratuity of Five Pounds on his discharge for his long service and good conduct and this his general character is exemplary and his is in possession of four good conduct badges.


RW Moore (the Colonial Surgeon) signed off his medical report on 7 April 1858

The discharge was approved on 18 August 1858 by His Royal Highness the General Commander-in-Chief, Edward Stanton

His final description states;
Age 39 11/12
Height 5 feet 9 1/2 inches
Hair Brown
Eyes Grey
Complexion Fair
Trade Cabinet Maker
Marks, scars whether on face or other parts of the body – NIL
Intended place of residence- St Albans near Adelaide Sth Australia.

The Bench Point location for the survey of the northern counties was determined by Richard J. Loveday, Royal Sapper & Miner, and 1851-2 at Mount Templeton, near Balaklava. (Centennial History, 1936.) He was also responsible for the survey and plan of the County Russel 1857, printed copy 30″ x 19″ accession No.C/180/6, plan of part of survey County of Stanley, part of County Burra 1857, and lithographs 20″ x 26″ accession No.C/180/80 (S.A.Archives)

On the 1st. January 1859, when a pensioner of Royal Sappers & Miners, he was appointed to Post Lithographer, 1st Class, in the Department of Survey in the State Government of South Australia, established 1854, and later he was transferred to Field Staff of Department of survey as a Surveyor on January 1st.1860.

Possibly, one of the most outstanding exemplifications of his merit and ability was the making of the Lithographic Map 20″ x 16″ (2 sheets) accession No.C/265 (S.A.Archives) of the expedition undertaken by the renowned explorer, John McDowall Stuart. Reports, findings and descriptions given and from which Richard Loveday drafted to scale and made the Lithograph with amazing accuracy and mathematical precision.

He was commissioned to report and make a plan showing the soundings and channels etc. of the examination of the Coorong, South Australia. (Parliamentary papers No.180/1866-7). A copy of this report is attached of the navigation of the Coorong, signed by Richard J. Loveday and counter-signed by G.W. Goyder, Surveyor-General.

A part of this assignment was to survey the County of Alexandrina and Lake Alexandrina, At the end of this assignment, Loveday Bay in the Coorong was credited to his name, likewise, Loveday Street in the township of Goolwa, where all the streets were named after prominent personnel in the State Public Service, in relation to the survey. 5531628633_f787b81684_qRichard J. Loveday was at this time 50 years of age and records of his work are available at the Archives of South Australia and the Lands Department.

According to the Adelaide Almanac, in 1857, a record of R.J.Loveday, Government Surveyor, Farmer of Windsor, established that he owned Sections 13,14, and 15 in the Hundred of Dublin, County Gawler, referred to in his last Will and Testament, a document phrased and prepared by himself, a further example of his outstanding talents and literary ability.

In the year 1868, R.J.Loveday, Surveyor was domiciled in the District of Hindmarsh, ie. Reedbeds (Findon) where the last five of his children of the second marriage, were born. (Adelaide Almanac)

Information supplied by the Director, Lands Department in February 1969, from an extract of a Staff Book, he, R.J.Loveday, was reappointed to the Survey Department on a Salary of £280 per annum and later resigned on 31st November 1877. A further reference occurs in the Adelaide Almanac of 1878-80 of an R.J.Loveday, Government Surveyor, Farmer, of Dublin.

It is surmised that about this time – 1875-80 – R.J.Loveday moved to Salisbury where he remained until his death on December 15th 1883. The Medical Report shows the cause of death to be Bright’s Disease, a historical classification of kidney diseases that would be described in modern medicine as acute or chronic nephritis. Nephritis is often caused by infections, toxins, and auto-immune diseases.

He was buried in Church of England cemetery, Salisbury, 1883, where his wife Susannah Sarah was later buried on March 31st. 1905. The grave and headstone were in excellent condition in 1977.image002

Richard John Loveday left his wife Susannah, 6 sons and 5 daughters as shown on the Genealogical Chart, but more importantly he left a heritage and historical achievement to posterity.

Richard Loveday retired from working life in February 1871. His first wife, Bridget, had died in Adelaide in July 1852 leaving 4 surviving children to care for. His second marriage, to Susannah Loveday (nee Sadgrove), took place in May 1853 and between them they had another 7 surviving children.

Richard John Loveday died at Salisbury, S.A. on 15 December 1883 and is commemorated by Loveday Bay on Lake Alexandrina, and Loveday Street, in the town of Goolwa.

A son, Ernest Alfred Loveday, also a government surveyor, is similarly recognised by the Riverland township (and WW2 internment camp) of Loveday and the Hundred of Loveday.
Richard John Snr (there was a son of the same name) is buried in the cemetery of St John’s Anglican Church, Salisbury, South Australia.”


Richard’s Family is next.

Interesting to note that Richard’s Grt.Grt, Grandson, Peter Loveday,  was apprenticed to a Printing firm and qualified as a Lithographer in 1961.

Richard’s Wife – Susannah

So, we continue the story of Richard J Loveday and meet his second wife, Susannah……..

1853 was also the year that Susannah Sarah Sadgrove, at 20 years of age, married Richard John Loveday, 35, surveyor, and widower with four children, at the Turf Hotel which was situated in Franklin Street, Adelaide on 5th May 1853.

Susannah’s life was a difficult one for a girl so young. Taking on the responsibility of 4 step children and the problems entailed in that and a husband, aged 35 and 15 years older than herself.

Added to this she established a new home in Army Barracks and coped with the repeated absences of her husband on his Surveying work for the army on behalf of the State Government. In total she reared 14 children and performed 69 years of pioneering service and dedication.

Richard John Loveday 1818-2

Richard John Loveday


This is a copy of a letter from Susannah to her friend Caroline in Hobart. It is uncertain how the copy came to be in existence. Nothing else is known of the facts surrounding the letter.


Rose & Crown Hotel


South Australia

To Dearest Caroline,

 I must tell you how much I depend on your enduring friendship and to be able to tell you of my life here in Adelaide and you must tell me about the happenings in Hobart, although I fancy I will not be familiar with the names and places that you mentioned in your last letter. What goings on with your neighbours!!

Life here is still a dreary drudge and I spend all of my waking day in the kitchen and scullery, preparing meals and cleaning up. This is such terrible work and I do miss my drawing and painting. Mother says I should forget about those idle pleasures as we are now struggling to stay alive in very difficult times.

Mother is coping with the running of the hotel and in fact seems to thrive on it. I hate it and cannot tolerate the offensive comments from the men who frequent the hotel. Mother says I should ignore them and stay away from the tavern area, but it is difficult when I have to pass by on my way to and from the kitchen. The loss of my Father is still very painful for me and I do miss him so. I dare not tell Mother or she would take on a rage and tell me how much better off we are without him, but that only makes me feel worse.

 Two days later.

Oh, Caroline. I have something very distressing to tell you. Mother and my sister Amelia were arrested and charged with stealing neighbours clothes. It is so terrible and I cannot stop crying at the shame this has bought upon us. Father caused us enough problems and shame in his time with the Law and this is just as difficult to endure.

 Next Day.

Relief and joy! Mother was discharged by the Court and Amelia was very fortunate that the Crown did not press charges. It was a terrible prank that Amelia played and it all went horribly wrong. It has all finished in the best possible way, although Amelia was given a very stern reprimand by the Magistrate and she is very contrite now. I sometimes wish that I could just leave this family with all its problems and worries! Mother is constantly lecturing me that it is time I found a young man and at 21, I will not find any man to marry me. I truly do not get time to meet nice young men having to spend all of my time in this dreadful hotel. When I see the type of young men that pass through here I despair that I shall meet my young man.

 One week later.

Caroline, my heart is broken! Mother has met a man that she wishes me to marry and I was introduced to him for the first time today. He is quite handsome, of sober habits, but is much older than I and is a widower with four young children! He told me that he is 35 years old!  He is very pleasant, but reserved and I suspect a serious man. He is a Lance Corporal, Surveyor with the Royal Sapper & Miners and Mother says that he is a very highly thought of man by the Governor. This is my worst fears come true and I don’t love him, but Mother says that I must marry him to help our family, and that he is a good catch for me.  How am I going to be a step-mother to four children, the eldest who is only 9 years younger than me! And the youngest is only 4!

 The wedding has been set for the 5th May and Richard & I, along with the four children will move into the married men’s quarters of the Reedbeds Army Barracks that he occupied with his late deceased wife.

 Please say a prayer for me, Caroline, as my life is about to change and I will be a slave in another house like I have been here in this awful hotel. My heart is truly breaking and I do not know what to think or do.

I will not miss the terrible scenes’ that Mother and I have about the men that visit her. Amelia is not much better and behaves in a very loose fashion. She is being courted by no less than three men and none of them are of a gentlemanly nature, but I do worry about William being bought up in this atmosphere. A hotel is no place for a 15 year old boy. He does work for a local farmer and I hope that he can make a life for himself by farming.

 How I do miss you and wish that you could be here to help me in this difficult time,


Your loving friend,

Susannah Sadgrove.


 The following is an authentic statement by Emily Agnes Stanton (nee Loveday), daughter of Susannah Sarah Sadgrove and Richard John Loveday as dictated to her son Victor Edward Stanton.

“My Grandfather Henry Sadgrove came out from England and first settled with his wife in Tasmania. He had a brother there, Charles, a Church of England Clergyman. My Grandmother, Susannah Sadgrove had two sisters there also, one married to a Naval Lieutenant called Douglas and the other married to a Lane. Her brother also lived in Tasmania. Her brother also lived in Tasmania, Jolly.

When South Australia was founded later, Grandfather Sadgrove came over to the new Colony in 1839. Grandmother Sadgrove and 3 year old Susannah Sarah came a little later in a ship named “Fanny”. After living awhile in the newly formed settlement,  after adding Amelia and William to their family and also attending the funeral of Colonel Light, Grandfather, Henry, was drowned going back to England on a business trip, leaving Grandmother a widow with three young children. The Sadgrove’s came from London, England.

Grandmother’s maiden name was Warren and they were on the land, but I don’t know what part of England. Grandmother earned her living by keeping a shop in one of the earliest suburbs of Adelaide to be settled, called Bowden.” (End of Statement)


It is reported that the Sadgrove’s came from London and Mr Henry Sadgrove’s mother was a titled lady, a Miss Warren who married Mr Sadgrove.

Susannah and Richard Loveday had a long and fruitful marriage and Susannah gave birth to 10 children of which 6 survived. She also reared the 4 children of Richard’s first marriage; Ann aged 11, Richard 9, Thomas 7 and Mary 3 years of age at the time of their father’s marriage.

Alice was the first baby, born in 1855, Henry William was born in 1856 but died in 1859, George only survived for 3 days in 1858, Henry George was born in 1860, Alexander William * was born in 1862, Emily Agnes arrived in 1864, then came Richard John in 1864 but only survived for 2 days, Frances Jane was born in 1866, Ernest Alfred in 1868 and in 1870 Edith Marion Blanch was born but only survived for 1 year.

Susannah was now 37 and Richard 52. Richard had been discharged from the Army and was now a senior Surveyor with the South Australian Government.

They were living at Findon and Richard had bought a large land holding at Windsor which he farmed with a son-in-law, William Baker.

Richard died at age 65, in 1883 when Susannah was 50.Sussanah Loveday aged 52

Susannah lived with her daughter Emily, at Salisbury, until her death in 1905.

Susannah is buried in the Church of England cemetery, Salisbury. South Australia.


 Next post we look at the Career of Richard and the many discoveries he made as a Surveyor.




The Richard J Loveday Story

To my followers, apologies for being tardy.  What with the arrival of Spring the garden needed some work, my recent fondness for Lawn Bowls and generally enjoying retirement has meant that my posts have slipped behind.

Slap on the wrist accepted!

We will look at the next phase of Richards life. Being widowed at a young 34 yrs of age, with a  broken heart and four young children, now aged 10, 7 6 and 2 years old, he threw himself into his work.  12 months later Richard had met and married Susannah Sadgrove and this is the Sadgrove story.

The Sadgrove Family

It was in February 1802 that William Sadgrove, of Shoreditch, England married his lovely bride, Elizabeth Dagley at Bishopsgate, near London. William and Elizabeth were in their 20’s and William had a job as a cabinet-maker and they were in love. As nature has it, in the June of 1803 their first child was born, William. In 1805 their second son was born, John Henry, of whom this story will centre on. It would be two more years before their third child, another son was born, Charles William, in 1807.

Not a lot has been found regarding William’s early life, other than he met and married Isabella and it is assumed that they remained in London where William died in 1863 and Isabella 5 years later in 1868. Charles’s early life too, is relatively unknown; however, what is known is that he immigrated to Tasmania, Australia in or around 1832. It is possible that Charles had decided to join his older brother John, who had migrated to Tasmania in 1830.
Charles, who was a schoolmaster, (there is some conjecture that he was a clergyman) met and married Mary Ann Lane, in Hobart, in 1838. Mary was also a school-mistress and they both worked at the New Norfolk School. In 1846 the first of their four children was born; Mary Ann, and the family moved to Bruny Island and Charles was granted 500 acres of land in 1847, which he cleared and farmed. Not a lot is known of the family’s fortunes, although it is known that they were forced off the island by bushfires. As a belated recognition for his painstaking work, Sadgrove Point was named after Charles in 1955. The family presumably moved to Victoria and Charles death was recorded on 18/7/1876 aged 69.

John Henry Sadgrove’s name first appears in the shipping records as he travels from Tasmania back to England. The date is 29 December 1821 traveling on the “Brixton” as “boy”. He would be about 16 years of age. He may have been a cabin boy on one of the boats out to Tasmania originally, but so far there is no record of his departure to Tasmania only his return journey to England.
Not much is heard of him again until his marriage in 1830 to Susannah Jolley on the 30 May 1830 at St. Matthew Bethnal Green, Middlesex. They must have married and boarded a ship straight away, as they are listed on “The Lang” arriving in Tasmania in September 1830. The journey from England to Tasmania in those days would take approximately 4 months.
After their arrival in Tasmania in September 1830, very little can be found of the Sadgrove’s until 25 January 1832 when John Henry buys a property from a Mr. Reid in Liverpool St, Hobart.  In 1833 John is listed as being in partnership with his brother Charles in Hobart. They seem to be businessmen buying and selling properties as there is an extensive list of their purchases and sales in the Tasmanian register.

On 17 March 1833, Susannah Sarah Sadgrove was born in Hobart, Tasmania. The census taken in Newtown in 1837 shows John Henry, Susannah, wife, Susannah and Mary (both under 14 years) but no record of Mary is found after this. There is a death notice for an infant Sadgrove, but no first name given, also the christening of Mary in Tasmania in 1837. When the Sadgrove’s left Tasmania in 1837 there were two children on the passenger list with Mrs. Sadgrove. The question is, was this Mary or Amelia? Could Mary and Amelia be the same person? I’m beginning to believe this is so, but need to find the proof.

In 1835 John Henry’s occupation is listed as a farmer at Bruny Island although his list of property documents held in the Lands Department, Hobart, Tasmania shows him selling and buying land right up to 2 February 1837.
John Henry journeyed to the mainland of Australia many times and there is passenger lists of his trips. On 26 March 1838 he journeyed to Port Adelaide, South Australia, aboard “Emma” where he stayed and on 7 June 1838 his wife Susannah arrived with the young Susannah Sarah and another child (Amelia?) aboard the “Hetty”. Susannah must have been pregnant with the next child at this time as William Henry was born in Adelaide in December 1838.

In 1838 John Henry is listed as a storekeeper at North Adelaide and from a date unknown until 8 June 1846 he was the licensee of “Rose and Crown” in Adelaide when he then transfers the license to James George Witt.

The Sadgrove’s owned a business in Bowden which seems to be a shop called “The Jolley Farmer” It is believed the location of this shop is in the vicinity of the now “Clipsal Factory”. It was located on First Avenue at Bowden.

The earliest record of the name Sadgrove is a Henry Sadgrove, Storekeeper of North Terrace, Adelaide, 1839. (Adelaide Almanac S.A.Archives).  Colonel Light died at Thebarton Cottage on 6th October 1839 and was buried in Light Square. Henry Sadgrove was numbered among the 450 colonists who attended the funeral.
Governor Hindmarsh had been recalled and Governor Gawler appointed the second Governor of South Australia (see “Foundation of a City” Geoffrey Dutton)

The 1839 reference must place Hendry Sadgrove as possibly one of the first Storekeepers to operate in Adelaide and his Store, being on North Terrace, would possibly have been close to the Governor’s residence.

John Henry seems to get himself into a string of court cases and the first we found was in 1839 QUEEN v SADGROVE where he was indicted on a charge of striking his then partner in business, James Fletcher. He was fined 10 pounds and was confined to Adelaide goal, pending payment of the fine. From goal he petitioned the Governor, claiming that he had not been fairly tried..

Adelaide Supreme Court today

Adelaide Supreme Court today

We see where on 16 March 1839 John Henry was convicted and fined 11 pounds 11 shillings and to be confined till the fine was paid. On the 23 March he was discharged from goal. On the 5 April 1839 there is a letter from the Governor’s Secretary to the Sheriff inquiring how it came about that John Henry, who had petitioned the Governor, was at large.

An extract from the petition of John Henry Sadgrove …”the prosecutor first challenged me to fights, and provoked me by saying my wife was no wife of mine, but a kept woman and a whore and such like initiating expressions when at the same time he had possession of her marriage certificate.”

1840 saw another court case, but at this time John Henry and his family had moved to the new colony of Port Lincoln. As the capital of South Australia had not yet been named there was a strong possibility that Port Lincoln could have won the title so many people bought up land and of course Adelaide’s site was chosen and many lost money.

SADGROVE v BARNARD was a civil action where John Henry Sadgrove attempted to recover 17 pounds which he said was due to him from Mr. Barnard for the erection of a cattle fence. Barnard claimed that the fence was not adequate enough to hold his cattle and had been poorly erected as well as incorrect materials used. John Henry lost the case and was ordered to pay costs.

HARVEY v SADGROVE is just another case in this year of 1840 this time against John Henry where the famous Dr Harvey claimed unpaid medical fees but then admitted an offset for timber provided by John Henry was accepted. John Henry again lost the case and left the Colony for Adelaide soon after leaving his wife Susannah to settle the debt.

It is interesting to note that the Dr Harvey in this court case is the first medico for Port Lincoln (1839) and is named in many history books about the area. Dr Harvey and his wife are buried on Boston Island in a glen overlooking Boston Bay and Port Lincoln. He is remembered for his hard work and dedication to his profession and it sends chills down my spine to think that one of my relatives came in contact with this person during their life, even if it ended in a court case!

John Henry returned to Bowden and continued operation of the ‘Jolley Farmer’ with Susannah and the three children.
The year is now 1841 and John Henry is in hot water again!!

QUEEN v SADGROVE – John Henry is indicted and found guilty on a charge of selling spirits against the Excise Laws. It may be assumed that he is not licensed to sell spirits and he has been charged with supplying spirits from his shop. He petitioned the Governor for remission or mitigation of the fine of 10 pounds and this was endorsed by about 40 persons attesting to his good character and their belief that he had never sold wines or spirits at the Jolly Farmer, Bowden. The Commissioner of Police recommended remission of half the fine.

In 1843 John Henry is listed as having arrived from Sydney aboard “Hawk”, but no record is found of his journey from Adelaide. John Henry is listed as departing Port Adelaide 3 April 1846 1846Clevelandaboard “Cleveland”.
On the 13 August 1846 there is a report from Lloyds under the Salvage Act from Rio de Janeiro stating that the ship had lost part of bulwarks, stanchions etc and part of the cargo (wheat) was damaged and must be discharged. The “Cleveland” was then delayed for repairs.

It is assumed that John died when the ship, the “Cleveland” was severely damaged off Brazil. John was aged just 42 and the death was not recorded in a manner that can be verified all these years later.
A statement made by Susannah Sarah Sadgrove(daughter) in the 1850’s during a court case for compensation of the land from the Railway’s acquisition has her saying she remembered her father leaving the Colony to go to England on 3 April 1846 and also remembering hearing of his death in April 1847. A document was brought to them by Captain Hyde of the “Competitor” being an investigation before the Lord Mayor at the Mansion House relative to her father’s death. These papers had been lost along with other papers over the years.
Levi Groves stated in a affidavit in a Supreme Court case in the 1850’s relating to the Railway’s purchase of land at Bowden belonging to the Sadgrove’s, that he witnessed John Henry’s signature on his Will and that he had left all of his belongings to his wife Susannah Sadgrove.

As Susannah Sadgrove is now a widow, life still has to go on and we find on 25 March 1849 her listed as the licensee of “Rose and Crown”, Bowden, near Adelaide. I have done some research on this hotel and found that unfortunately it is no longer standing.

The family continued living in the area and in June/July 1853 we find Susannah (the Mother) and her daughter Amelia charged with having stolen clothes belonging to their neighbours. In the Police court, Amelia admitted to taking the clothes for a joke and was committed for trial at the Local Court. Susannah was discharged. At the Local Court, the Crown Solicitor did not press the charge and Amelia was found not guilty.

Susannah Sadgrove must have stayed on at Bowden even after her children grew up, married and moved away. Little is known of her in the time till her death. She died at Bowden 24 August 1871 at the age of 73 years. Susannah died intestate. Admin was granted to William Henry Sadgrove on 8 January 1886, he was living at Glanville at the time and his occupation states ‘Cooper’.

Susannah Sadgrove was buried in the old Hindmarsh cemetery. As there was only a 25 year lease on hindmarsh cemetary image001the site the headstone if ever there was one has long since gone but we were able to take photos of the gravesite and its present owner. The grave is situated near the riverbed and walkway which is quite pleasant and peaceful. Large trees overhang the walkway creating a shady atmosphere with the gentle breeze through the leaves.




Next post Susannah’s Story.

The Richard J Loveday story

Today we continue the story of Richard John Loveday and get a glimpse into his life in the new Colony of South Australia.

Also we read of the O’Shea story. Bridgette,  Richard’s wife came from Ireland and such was her love for Richard that she followed him to the brave, new world in Adelaide.

“At this time Richard was away for long periods of time on Survey trips to various parts of South Australia.  He was therefore shattered, when returning from one of these trips that Bridget had to inform him that she had been diagnosed with breast cancer. The medical knowledge and practices of the time meant that there was little that could be done for Bridget and sadly she died in July 1852 leaving 4 surviving children for Richard to care for. Bridget never saw her mother again and died not knowing her father had died the year after they sailed for Australia.

The sad tale of Bridget ends with her untimely death at the young age of 33 leaving her loving children Ann, Richard Thomas and Mary. Her burial place is West Terrace Cemetery, Road No.3, Path 32, Lot 28E. The search, discovery, restoration and provision of a headstone suitably and reverently inscribed by Jean Tinnoch nee Loveday, who also purchased the Lot lease May 26th 1964 and is current into the year 2000.”



The O’Shea Family Story

The somewhat sad story of the O’Shea family is one of mystery and the available records do not throw much light on to the facts. It is believed that Thomas Shea was born in Sheffield, Yorkshire in about 1795. His early life is unknown, but it is known that he married Catherine Brown in about 1818 in Limerick, Ireland.

Thomas and Catherine were blessed with a daughter, Bridget Ann in 1819 and a son Stephen in 1820. Little is known of Bridget’s life until around 1840, in Limerick.

Bridget met a handsome young Army Surveyor, Richard John Loveday from London. Richard was on duty in Limerick conducting survey work for the Royal Sappers & Miners Corp which was stationed in Limerick. Richard’s courting was successful as Bridget and Richard were married in 1841 at the Saint Mary’s Catholic Church in Limerick, Ireland.

Tviewhe happy couple, Bridget aged 22 and Richard 23 was able to obtain accommodation in the married men’s quarters of the Corps barracks.

The couple’s first baby, Ann was born in January 1842 in Limerick and christened in the same church that her parents were married in. It was in that 1843 Richard was transferred to Yorkshire with the Army and whilst there, child number two was born, Richard John in 1844. The following year Richard was once again transferred to Limerick where their third child was born, Thomas in 1846. All children were now christened in the Saint Mary’s Catholic Church in Limerick. Although not a firm religious man, Richard had been bought up in the Church of England tradition and his marriage would have caused his parents in London some concern.

As an ambitious man, Richard learnt of a newly formed Regiment within the Royal Sappers & Miners Corp that was recruiting from within the Corp for men with 10 years service, to be sent to the Colony of South Australia. He applied and along with seven other troopers, was successful, being promoted to Lance Corporal and an increase in pay. They sailed for South Australia on board the “Royal George”, arriving June 26th 1847, at Port Adelaide, accompanied by their three children, Ann, Richard and Thomas.

The family were temporarily housed at the Military Barracks, Adelaide, in an area now known as Pinky Flat. Shortly after arrival the Loveday family were moved into the married men’s quarters of the Royal Sappers & Miners Corp barracks at Reedbeds, later to be known as Findon. It was here that in 1848 James was born, but sadly he did not survive babyhood and died 1 year later.

Brighter times were to come and in May of 1850 Bridget was delivered of another little girl, Mary Elizabeth. Both of these children were baptised at Holy Trinity Church on North Terrace. At this time Richard was away for long periods of time on Survey trips to various parts of South Australia.

He was therefore shattered, when returning from one of these trips that Bridget had to inform him that she had been diagnosed with breast cancer. The medical knowledge and practices of the time meant that there was little that could be done for Bridget and sadly she died in July 1852.

Bridget’s father, Thomas was a labourer and suffered a terminal disease and died in 1847 aged 52. Shortly after this tragic event, Catherine moved herself and son Stephen back to Sheffield which was undergoing a ‘boom’ time as a manufacturing centre in the midst of the Industrial Revolution. At that time, thousands of labourers were flocking to the industrial cities to take up opportunities in newly opened factories.

Catherine supported herself by conducting a boarding house in Taylor’s Yard, Spring Street, Sheffield. There was no shortage of boarders as hopeful factory workers, newly arrived from all over Britain, sought accommodation. In the Census of 1851, Catherine had three married couples staying at her boarding house. Two of the men were general labourers and the third was a brick maker. Each of these six people was born in a different County of England!

Catherine’s sister, Bridget and her husband James had a boarding house next door. They had 6 single men boarding with them – a ham butcher from Ireland, two agricultural labourers, two shoemakers and a grocer’s assistant, all from Southern England.
Of the three houses in Taylor’s Yard, two were also occupied by Irish families, suggesting that there was a solid enclave of the Irish in that particular part of Sheffield.

It is apparent that Bridget had not communicated with her parents since leaving England
as a letter which was to arrive some 9 years later from her mother, Catherine, related that her father had died the year they had left England, 1847. Bridget was never to know of this and of the improved situation of mother and her relatives in Sheffield. Bridget was buried in the West Terrace Cemetery and Richard was left with a broken heart and four young children, now aged 10, 7 6 and 2 years old.

The sad tale of Bridget ends with her untimely death at the young age of 33 leaving her loving children Ann, Richard Thomas and Mary.

Some doubt had existed as to the maiden name of Bridget Ann; however, the proof of identity nee Shea is by a letter of condolence sent to Richard John Loveday at the time of her death by her parents and signed William and Catherine Shea, Sheffield, Yorkshire, England. This letter is in the possession of Viola Bates, a grand-daughter of Ann Rose nee Loveday.”


Next post we have a look at the continuing story of Richard J Loveday and his new family.

The Story of Richard John Loveday

Richard John Loveday 1818 -1883  Richard John Loveday 1818-2

Richard John Loveday junior, trained as a cabinet maker until he was 18, when he attested into the Corps of Royal Sappers & Miners on 31 March 1837. He entered the Woolwich training establishment for 6 months basic training, then was posted to the 13th Survey Company and transferred to Chatham, Kent where he spent five more months receiving intensive instruction in practical surveying. Survey maps for military purposes had become an important priority.

Following this he was transferred to No.16 Company and posted to Ballina on the North West coast of Ireland to work on the Irish Survey. The Ordnance Survey of Great Britain was being concentrated in Ireland, and on 15th March 1838 he moved into the field for the first time.

From the following October, his unit was transferred to another base in the town of Limerick and there it remained for nearly four years.Over the next few years he served at various locations in Ireland until May 1842 when he was transferred back to England. After about 2½ years in England he was again posted to Ireland for a further period of about 12 months.

During this period, Richard now aged 26, met and married a local girl, 22-years-old Bridget Shea, daughter of Thomas and Catherine Shea. They married in St Mary’s Catholic Church, Limerick. Bridget Loveday became an Army wife and Richard was allocated married quarters at the Company’s base station. Their first child, Anne, was born on 13th January 1842, and christened at St Mary’s Catholic Church, Limerick in the following December, the same church that her parents were married in.

Richard’s Company was relocated to York in June 1842, and from this base Richard worked in parties that surveyed in Yorkshire, Lancashire, Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire. It was during 1844 in Yorkshire, that their first son was born, who would be christened Richard John at St Mary’s Limerick in the April of 1845.


Right to left – Colour Sergeant undress uniform, Colour Sergeant in full marching order, Private in undress uniform. names unknown

The following year Richard was once again transferred to Limerick where their third child was born, Thomas in 1846. All three children were now christened in the Saint Mary’s Catholic Church in Limerick. Although not a firm religious man, Richard had been bought up in the Church of England tradition and his marriage would have caused his parents in London some concern.

Although Richard’s unit had now shifted its base to Southampton, he worked in a detachment at several locations across the north of Ireland through 1845 and 1846.

Early in 1847, Richard found that inducements were being offered to men of 10 years service to serve in an overseas detachment. He volunteered, and was accepted to fill one of seven vacancies created by the compulsory retirement of veterans from the unit that was working in the new colony of South Australia.

He was formally transferred to the Royal Sappers and Miners South Australian Detachment on 23rd February 1847, and was appointed acting Lance Corporal in charge of the other six replacements who were chosen to sail. From this time onwards he was to be classified as a Surveyor instead of a Carpenter!

Lance Corporal Richard John Loveday, Bridget and the three children, Ann, Richard John and Thomas sailed in the “Royal George” in late February. The ship left from London, called at Portsmouth, and reached Port Adelaide on 26th June after a voyage of exactly four months.

The ship was a reconditioned Naval sloop, renamed “Royal George” affording reasonable accommodation and facilities for that period of time. The S.A. Archives have records of reference to the ship having arrived in Adelaide on June 26th 1847. Also a microfilm copy of the passenger list that disembarked.

A further record indicates the “Royal George” transporting supplies and materials from Port Adelaide to Sydney in September 6th 1848. These appear to be the only references available. The ship would have returned to England in the latter part of 1848 and did not return to Australia again.

Richard, now Lance Corporal was in charge of 6 other members of the Royal Sappers & Miners and they travelled to Australia on the “Royal George”, arriving at Port Adelaide on 26th June 1847
Corporal Croker with wife and 6 children
Sapper Brooker with wife and 3 children
Sapper College with wife
Sapper Dawson with wife and 3 children
Sapper Partridge with wife
Sapper Young with wife


O’Connell Street, North Adelaide 1845

It was not until 30th June 1847 that the young family set foot on land and moved into married quarters allocated in one of the earliest buildings on the former “Native Location” by the banks of the River Torrens near Adelaide’s Government House.





Adelaide, 1842

Shortly after arrival the Loveday family were moved into the married men’s quarters of the Royal Sappers & Miners Corp barracks at Reedbeds, later to be known as Findon. It was here that in 1848 James was born, but sadly he did not survive babyhood and died 1 year later.

Brighter times were to come and in May of 1850 Bridget was delivered of another little girl, Mary Elizabeth. Both of these children were baptised at Holy Trinity Church on North Terrace.
At this time Richard was away for long periods of time on Survey trips to various parts of South Australia.










Surveyors’ camp at Tailem Bend, South Australia




Acknowledgements to the State Library of South Australia for the use of the above photos.






More next Post. I have been researching the details of my maternal Grt Grandmother, Clara Amelia Kluge (nee Schmidt).

The facts that have come to light are fascinating and I will be preparing them into a similar story as the above.

At The Beginning – Richard John Loveday Snr.

Richard John Loveday (Snr.)1789 – 1867


St.Pancras Old Church 1815

Richard John Loveday, senior was a carpenter/cabinet-maker, born about 1789 in the district of London identified as ‘Strand’. In 1814 he married a girl called Ann, two years his junior, who, it is believed, had been born in Hertford, but no record of their marriage, is found in the registers of St Mary-le-Bone, St Pancras or Hertford over the period 1806.-1826.

Occasional marriages of Loveday’s can be seen in the St Mary-le-Bone registers through the late 17th and the 18th centuries. In the period 1821-1826 appear three other Loveday marriages in St Pancras, and four other Loveday baptisms in St Mary-Le-Bone.

Loveday is a given name, thought to derive from the Old English Leofdaeg or alternatively Lief Tag. Leofdaeg is composed of the words leof meaning dear/beloved or precious and daeg meaning day. Lief Tag literally translates to Love Day, and is thought to have existed in eastern Britain from around the 7th century.
Loveday was a common English medieval Christian name, which has now become confined to Cornwall, where it still survives in occasional use. The name was originally bestowed on boys or girls on a Love Day, a day appointed for a meeting between enemies and litigants with a view to an amicable settlement. The name is now only given to girls.
The name Loveday arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Loveday comes from the Old English given name Loveday and the Old English given name Leofdoeg, which is composed of the elements leof, which means dear or beloved, and doeg, which means day. This name was also a nickname for a person who had an association with a Love Day which, according to medieval custom, a Love Day was a day set aside for reconciliation and settlement of disputes or feuds.
Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents.  The name has been spelled Loveday, Loveden, Lovedon and others.

It is believed that Richard Loveday senior, had two brothers, Robert and William, but this has not been confirmed. The father of three of these baptisms, Robert, is recorded as a servant living in Russell Square, while William, the other father, was a labourer of St Mary-le-Bone.

The 1829 map shows Marylebone and St John’s Wood were then at the very edge where expanding London met the receding countryside allowing the space for Thomas Lord to relocate his cricket ground nearby, and the Household Cavalry to have set up their new barracks on the other side of Regents Park in Albany street.
Richard John Loveday, the elder, and his wife Ann had at six children born in or around
Ann 1815 –

George James 1827-1831
Elizabeth 1817 –

Emma Maria 1829 –
Richard John 1818- 1883

Caroline 1833- 1896
Mary 1825 –

Richard John Loveday was born on 19th’ December 1818, when his father Richard John Loveday senior, was resident in the old London parish of St Pancras. At the time the boy was baptised in the church of the adjoining parish of St Mary-le-Bone on 14th September 1823, his father was recorded as living in St Mary-le-Bone and his occupation was listed as “mechanic” (today the term ‘tradesman” would be used).

London 1820

Sadly, George James died at the age of four, leaving his brother Richard John as the only son. Richard John Loveday junior left home to join the British Army early in 1837. In the June 1841 census Mary, Emma and Caroline were living with their parents at 132 Edgeware Road, but Elizabeth (who married earlier in the year) and Ann had moved out.

Today the above address is part of a multi-storied apartment block and no trace of the old houses remain.

 Family folklore had said that Richard John Loveday, the father, was a member of the Royal Horse Guards. However examination of that units Pay and Muster Rolls between 1793 and 1853 at the Public Records Office, Kew, and personnel records held in the Household Cavalry Archives at the Combermere Barracks, has unearthed nothing to confirm this.

It is likely that the theory was based on Catherine Shea having written to the Horse Guards in 1856 seeking information about Private John Loveday, her son-in-law, and her daughter, Bridget. In those times, correspondence on all military matters was addressed to”Horse Guards”, a locality in London. In much the same way today people refer in general terms to Whitehall, Westminster or ‘Canberra’ as being the place to ask such questions

Previously the Royal Engineers had preferred to use civilian tradesmen, particularly in peacetime, rather than recruit their own. Living within walking distance of the Horse Guards Barracks, Richard John Loveday senior may well have done carpentry work for them on a contract basis. He would have seen a new opportunity for his son to do the same, but on a permanent basis – by actually joining the army and being trained in a trade.

The family saw their only son, Richard John, now a Lance Corporal and wife Bridget and their three grandchildren, Ann, Richard and Thomas, prior to them leaving England, from London in 1846. It is assumed that Richard and Bridget never returned to England. Richard’s marriage to Bridget was of concern to his parents due to the mix of religions. Bridget was Roman Catholic and Richard had been bought up Church of England, but all indications point to a happy marriage.

By April 1851, the aging parents were living at 20 Princess St, Marylebone with Emma (22) who would marry later in 1851, Caroline (17) and three male lodgers in their early 20s -.
William Turner, Lodger, 21, Bricklayer, Middlesex London
Frederick Taverner, Lodger, 22, Carpenter, Middlesex London
Thomas Fuller, Lodger, 22, Tailor, Cams, Wickham

It is assumed that this William Turner, was Emma’s future husband and they were said to have immigrated to Australia. Caroline had married John Stevens and they too immigrated to Australia in 1876. They had 5 children and both Caroline and John are believed to have died in the same year, 1896.

Their mother, Ann appears to have died late in 1852 aged 61.

In 1861 Richard John senior (71) was living at the same address, 20 Princess St, Marylebone with his unmarried daughter Ann (45) who had been working elsewhere as a cook, but had returned to look after her father.

Richard John Loveday, senior, died there in 1867 at the age of 78.



Grateful thanks go to my late father, George William Loveday, for the work and dedication that he and my mother, Louisa Loveday, put into the original manuscript from which much of this work has been drawn.

Thanks must also go to Julie Skarstrom for her contributions on the initial history of Richard John Loveday. Mention must also be made of the help provided by Anita Loveday in London for her work and resources.

The research provided by Ron Roberts on Richard John Loveday has been extremely valuable in supplying a clear picture of Richard John Loveday and his earlier years and thanks must go to him for his thorough work.

Acknowledgement must also be given to the South Australian State Library for the use of the reproduction of pictures of early South Australia.