Continuing the story of Richard John Loveday. Throughout his career with the Royal Sappers and Miners, Richard was shown as – Cabinet-Maker – and yet he performed excellent work for his entire service career as a Surveyor.
“It appears Richard Loveday and his colleagues almost immediately were engaged in their survey duties and for Richard this meant traversing the colony quite widely over the next nine years.
Early in 1856 it seems he was recalled from the field to the Surveyor General’s office and was instructed in the craft of lithographic printing for, in April 1856, as a footnote to a request by Captain Freeling to purchase printing ink, there is the comment ‘I attach a specimen of coloured lithography executed by Corporal Loveday RS&M under recent instructions which I consider very creditable’. Cover notes to this docket state that ‘the specimen of lithography…has given much satisfaction’.
Richard John Loveday’s decision to volunteer for service in South Australia brought a dramatic improvement to his financial situation. For the ten years since he had joined the Army he had been surviving on the basic pay of a Private, with the one increment of 1d per day after his first seven years long service and good conduct.
Choosing to serve with the South Australian Detachment had resulted in his appointment as acting Lance Corporal, which lifted his daily pay rate from 1/4½d to 1/11¾d. On 31st March 1847, during the voyage to Port Adelaide, he reached the 10th anniversary of his enlistment and immediately qualified for a second l penny per day good conduct.
As well as free rations, a major inducement to volunteer for overseas service was the promise of survey pay in addition to regimental pay. So considerable were all these changes of fortune that Richard Loveday’s annual pay with allowances improved from £20/1/10½d at Southampton in February 1847 to £72/1/10½d at Adelaide in December 1849.
There were subsequent increases during his Army service in Adelaide, including a third and fourth l penny per day increment after his 15 years and his 18 years of good conduct service respectively, and a more substantial rise on his subsequent promotion to Corporal. From being a Private of humble background struggling to support a wife and a rapidly growing family, within a few years Richard had become sufficiently affluent to start acquiring broad acre property.
Furthermore, as he approached his military pension at the end of his statutory 21 years of Army service, he knew that he would be less than 40 years of age yet with the experience, talent, standing and opportunity to play an important part in the transition of South Australia’s survey work from the Royal Engineers (as they were now known) to the Survey Department in the Colonial Government.
On 7 April 1858 Richard was examined by the Colonial Surgeon who certified that he was ‘unfit for service’ and recommended his discharge from the Corps. By this time Richard had served his obligatory 21 years in the service of the army. In his official discharge papers the ‘unfitness’ given by the doctor is stated as ‘chronic rheumatism’; probably the result of years spent on survey duties in the field, largely under canvas. An application by the Surveyor General to retain Loveday’s services in the Lithographic Office was approved and became effective on the 7th April until the end of the year. He was formally engaged in the Land Office as Lithographer on 1 January 1859. He retained this position for ten years when he returned to the Survey Branch of the Crown Lands Department with the appointment of First Class Surveyor dating from 1 January 1869.
Two months prior to his discharge Cpl. Richard Loveday was promoted to the rank of Sergeant and, on his discharge from the Corps (now the Royal Engineers, it having absorbed the RS&M in 1856), Sergeant Richard John Loveday had earned 4 Good Conduct badges, a silver medal and a £5 gratuity. His conduct is given by Captain Freeling as ‘exemplary’, having served 21 years and 8 days, to which had been added a further 133 days service by the Acting Adjutant General’s Office in London. Of this he had given 11 years of military service in South Australia.
British Army Discharge Papers:-
Corporal Richard John Loveday by Trade a Cabinet maker was born in the parish of St Pancras in or near the town of Westminster in the Country of Middlesex and was attested for the Corps of Regimental Sapper and Miner a London in the County of Middlesex on the 31st March 1837 at the age of 18 years and three months that after making ever deduction required by Her Majesty’s Regulations, the Service up to this day, which he is entitled to reckon, amounts to 21 years, eight days, as shewn by the detailed statement on the 2nd page; during which period, he served abroad eleven years, viz.-
at South Australia 11 years and further that his discharge is proposed in consequence of his suffering from Chronic Rheumatism.
With regard to the Character and Conduct of Sergeant Richard John Loveday, I have to report that upon reference to the defaulter’s book and by the parole testimony that has been given it appears that he has never been tried by Court Martial – that he has had granted him a Silver Medal and a gratuity of Five Pounds on his discharge for his long service and good conduct and this his general character is exemplary and his is in possession of four good conduct badges.
RW Moore (the Colonial Surgeon) signed off his medical report on 7 April 1858
The discharge was approved on 18 August 1858 by His Royal Highness the General Commander-in-Chief, Edward Stanton
His final description states;
Age 39 11/12
Height 5 feet 9 1/2 inches
Trade Cabinet Maker
Marks, scars whether on face or other parts of the body – NIL
Intended place of residence- St Albans near Adelaide Sth Australia.
The Bench Point location for the survey of the northern counties was determined by Richard J. Loveday, Royal Sapper & Miner, and 1851-2 at Mount Templeton, near Balaklava. (Centennial History, 1936.) He was also responsible for the survey and plan of the County Russel 1857, printed copy 30″ x 19″ accession No.C/180/6, plan of part of survey County of Stanley, part of County Burra 1857, and lithographs 20″ x 26″ accession No.C/180/80 (S.A.Archives)
On the 1st. January 1859, when a pensioner of Royal Sappers & Miners, he was appointed to Post Lithographer, 1st Class, in the Department of Survey in the State Government of South Australia, established 1854, and later he was transferred to Field Staff of Department of survey as a Surveyor on January 1st.1860.
Possibly, one of the most outstanding exemplifications of his merit and ability was the making of the Lithographic Map 20″ x 16″ (2 sheets) accession No.C/265 (S.A.Archives) of the expedition undertaken by the renowned explorer, John McDowall Stuart. Reports, findings and descriptions given and from which Richard Loveday drafted to scale and made the Lithograph with amazing accuracy and mathematical precision.
He was commissioned to report and make a plan showing the soundings and channels etc. of the examination of the Coorong, South Australia. (Parliamentary papers No.180/1866-7). A copy of this report is attached of the navigation of the Coorong, signed by Richard J. Loveday and counter-signed by G.W. Goyder, Surveyor-General.
A part of this assignment was to survey the County of Alexandrina and Lake Alexandrina, At the end of this assignment, Loveday Bay in the Coorong was credited to his name, likewise, Loveday Street in the township of Goolwa, where all the streets were named after prominent personnel in the State Public Service, in relation to the survey. Richard J. Loveday was at this time 50 years of age and records of his work are available at the Archives of South Australia and the Lands Department.
According to the Adelaide Almanac, in 1857, a record of R.J.Loveday, Government Surveyor, Farmer of Windsor, established that he owned Sections 13,14, and 15 in the Hundred of Dublin, County Gawler, referred to in his last Will and Testament, a document phrased and prepared by himself, a further example of his outstanding talents and literary ability.
In the year 1868, R.J.Loveday, Surveyor was domiciled in the District of Hindmarsh, ie. Reedbeds (Findon) where the last five of his children of the second marriage, were born. (Adelaide Almanac)
Information supplied by the Director, Lands Department in February 1969, from an extract of a Staff Book, he, R.J.Loveday, was reappointed to the Survey Department on a Salary of £280 per annum and later resigned on 31st November 1877. A further reference occurs in the Adelaide Almanac of 1878-80 of an R.J.Loveday, Government Surveyor, Farmer, of Dublin.
It is surmised that about this time – 1875-80 – R.J.Loveday moved to Salisbury where he remained until his death on December 15th 1883. The Medical Report shows the cause of death to be Bright’s Disease, a historical classification of kidney diseases that would be described in modern medicine as acute or chronic nephritis. Nephritis is often caused by infections, toxins, and auto-immune diseases.
Richard John Loveday left his wife Susannah, 6 sons and 5 daughters as shown on the Genealogical Chart, but more importantly he left a heritage and historical achievement to posterity.
Richard Loveday retired from working life in February 1871. His first wife, Bridget, had died in Adelaide in July 1852 leaving 4 surviving children to care for. His second marriage, to Susannah Loveday (nee Sadgrove), took place in May 1853 and between them they had another 7 surviving children.
Richard John Loveday died at Salisbury, S.A. on 15 December 1883 and is commemorated by Loveday Bay on Lake Alexandrina, and Loveday Street, in the town of Goolwa.
A son, Ernest Alfred Loveday, also a government surveyor, is similarly recognised by the Riverland township (and WW2 internment camp) of Loveday and the Hundred of Loveday.
Richard John Snr (there was a son of the same name) is buried in the cemetery of St John’s Anglican Church, Salisbury, South Australia.”
Richard’s Family is next.
Interesting to note that Richard’s Grt.Grt, Grandson, Peter Loveday, was apprenticed to a Printing firm and qualified as a Lithographer in 1961.