To my followers, apologies for being tardy. What with the arrival of Spring the garden needed some work, my recent fondness for Lawn Bowls and generally enjoying retirement has meant that my posts have slipped behind.
Slap on the wrist accepted!
We will look at the next phase of Richards life. Being widowed at a young 34 yrs of age, with a broken heart and four young children, now aged 10, 7 6 and 2 years old, he threw himself into his work. 12 months later Richard had met and married Susannah Sadgrove and this is the Sadgrove story.
The Sadgrove Family
It was in February 1802 that William Sadgrove, of Shoreditch, England married his lovely bride, Elizabeth Dagley at Bishopsgate, near London. William and Elizabeth were in their 20’s and William had a job as a cabinet-maker and they were in love. As nature has it, in the June of 1803 their first child was born, William. In 1805 their second son was born, John Henry, of whom this story will centre on. It would be two more years before their third child, another son was born, Charles William, in 1807.
Not a lot has been found regarding William’s early life, other than he met and married Isabella and it is assumed that they remained in London where William died in 1863 and Isabella 5 years later in 1868. Charles’s early life too, is relatively unknown; however, what is known is that he immigrated to Tasmania, Australia in or around 1832. It is possible that Charles had decided to join his older brother John, who had migrated to Tasmania in 1830.
Charles, who was a schoolmaster, (there is some conjecture that he was a clergyman) met and married Mary Ann Lane, in Hobart, in 1838. Mary was also a school-mistress and they both worked at the New Norfolk School. In 1846 the first of their four children was born; Mary Ann, and the family moved to Bruny Island and Charles was granted 500 acres of land in 1847, which he cleared and farmed. Not a lot is known of the family’s fortunes, although it is known that they were forced off the island by bushfires. As a belated recognition for his painstaking work, Sadgrove Point was named after Charles in 1955. The family presumably moved to Victoria and Charles death was recorded on 18/7/1876 aged 69.
John Henry Sadgrove’s name first appears in the shipping records as he travels from Tasmania back to England. The date is 29 December 1821 traveling on the “Brixton” as “boy”. He would be about 16 years of age. He may have been a cabin boy on one of the boats out to Tasmania originally, but so far there is no record of his departure to Tasmania only his return journey to England.
Not much is heard of him again until his marriage in 1830 to Susannah Jolley on the 30 May 1830 at St. Matthew Bethnal Green, Middlesex. They must have married and boarded a ship straight away, as they are listed on “The Lang” arriving in Tasmania in September 1830. The journey from England to Tasmania in those days would take approximately 4 months.
After their arrival in Tasmania in September 1830, very little can be found of the Sadgrove’s until 25 January 1832 when John Henry buys a property from a Mr. Reid in Liverpool St, Hobart. In 1833 John is listed as being in partnership with his brother Charles in Hobart. They seem to be businessmen buying and selling properties as there is an extensive list of their purchases and sales in the Tasmanian register.
On 17 March 1833, Susannah Sarah Sadgrove was born in Hobart, Tasmania. The census taken in Newtown in 1837 shows John Henry, Susannah, wife, Susannah and Mary (both under 14 years) but no record of Mary is found after this. There is a death notice for an infant Sadgrove, but no first name given, also the christening of Mary in Tasmania in 1837. When the Sadgrove’s left Tasmania in 1837 there were two children on the passenger list with Mrs. Sadgrove. The question is, was this Mary or Amelia? Could Mary and Amelia be the same person? I’m beginning to believe this is so, but need to find the proof.
In 1835 John Henry’s occupation is listed as a farmer at Bruny Island although his list of property documents held in the Lands Department, Hobart, Tasmania shows him selling and buying land right up to 2 February 1837.
John Henry journeyed to the mainland of Australia many times and there is passenger lists of his trips. On 26 March 1838 he journeyed to Port Adelaide, South Australia, aboard “Emma” where he stayed and on 7 June 1838 his wife Susannah arrived with the young Susannah Sarah and another child (Amelia?) aboard the “Hetty”. Susannah must have been pregnant with the next child at this time as William Henry was born in Adelaide in December 1838.
In 1838 John Henry is listed as a storekeeper at North Adelaide and from a date unknown until 8 June 1846 he was the licensee of “Rose and Crown” in Adelaide when he then transfers the license to James George Witt.
The Sadgrove’s owned a business in Bowden which seems to be a shop called “The Jolley Farmer” It is believed the location of this shop is in the vicinity of the now “Clipsal Factory”. It was located on First Avenue at Bowden.
The earliest record of the name Sadgrove is a Henry Sadgrove, Storekeeper of North Terrace, Adelaide, 1839. (Adelaide Almanac S.A.Archives). Colonel Light died at Thebarton Cottage on 6th October 1839 and was buried in Light Square. Henry Sadgrove was numbered among the 450 colonists who attended the funeral.
Governor Hindmarsh had been recalled and Governor Gawler appointed the second Governor of South Australia (see “Foundation of a City” Geoffrey Dutton)
The 1839 reference must place Hendry Sadgrove as possibly one of the first Storekeepers to operate in Adelaide and his Store, being on North Terrace, would possibly have been close to the Governor’s residence.
John Henry seems to get himself into a string of court cases and the first we found was in 1839 QUEEN v SADGROVE where he was indicted on a charge of striking his then partner in business, James Fletcher. He was fined 10 pounds and was confined to Adelaide goal, pending payment of the fine. From goal he petitioned the Governor, claiming that he had not been fairly tried..
We see where on 16 March 1839 John Henry was convicted and fined 11 pounds 11 shillings and to be confined till the fine was paid. On the 23 March he was discharged from goal. On the 5 April 1839 there is a letter from the Governor’s Secretary to the Sheriff inquiring how it came about that John Henry, who had petitioned the Governor, was at large.
An extract from the petition of John Henry Sadgrove …”the prosecutor first challenged me to fights, and provoked me by saying my wife was no wife of mine, but a kept woman and a whore and such like initiating expressions when at the same time he had possession of her marriage certificate.”
1840 saw another court case, but at this time John Henry and his family had moved to the new colony of Port Lincoln. As the capital of South Australia had not yet been named there was a strong possibility that Port Lincoln could have won the title so many people bought up land and of course Adelaide’s site was chosen and many lost money.
SADGROVE v BARNARD was a civil action where John Henry Sadgrove attempted to recover 17 pounds which he said was due to him from Mr. Barnard for the erection of a cattle fence. Barnard claimed that the fence was not adequate enough to hold his cattle and had been poorly erected as well as incorrect materials used. John Henry lost the case and was ordered to pay costs.
HARVEY v SADGROVE is just another case in this year of 1840 this time against John Henry where the famous Dr Harvey claimed unpaid medical fees but then admitted an offset for timber provided by John Henry was accepted. John Henry again lost the case and left the Colony for Adelaide soon after leaving his wife Susannah to settle the debt.
It is interesting to note that the Dr Harvey in this court case is the first medico for Port Lincoln (1839) and is named in many history books about the area. Dr Harvey and his wife are buried on Boston Island in a glen overlooking Boston Bay and Port Lincoln. He is remembered for his hard work and dedication to his profession and it sends chills down my spine to think that one of my relatives came in contact with this person during their life, even if it ended in a court case!
John Henry returned to Bowden and continued operation of the ‘Jolley Farmer’ with Susannah and the three children.
The year is now 1841 and John Henry is in hot water again!!
QUEEN v SADGROVE – John Henry is indicted and found guilty on a charge of selling spirits against the Excise Laws. It may be assumed that he is not licensed to sell spirits and he has been charged with supplying spirits from his shop. He petitioned the Governor for remission or mitigation of the fine of 10 pounds and this was endorsed by about 40 persons attesting to his good character and their belief that he had never sold wines or spirits at the Jolly Farmer, Bowden. The Commissioner of Police recommended remission of half the fine.
In 1843 John Henry is listed as having arrived from Sydney aboard “Hawk”, but no record is found of his journey from Adelaide. John Henry is listed as departing Port Adelaide 3 April 1846 aboard “Cleveland”.
On the 13 August 1846 there is a report from Lloyds under the Salvage Act from Rio de Janeiro stating that the ship had lost part of bulwarks, stanchions etc and part of the cargo (wheat) was damaged and must be discharged. The “Cleveland” was then delayed for repairs.
It is assumed that John died when the ship, the “Cleveland” was severely damaged off Brazil. John was aged just 42 and the death was not recorded in a manner that can be verified all these years later.
A statement made by Susannah Sarah Sadgrove(daughter) in the 1850’s during a court case for compensation of the land from the Railway’s acquisition has her saying she remembered her father leaving the Colony to go to England on 3 April 1846 and also remembering hearing of his death in April 1847. A document was brought to them by Captain Hyde of the “Competitor” being an investigation before the Lord Mayor at the Mansion House relative to her father’s death. These papers had been lost along with other papers over the years.
Levi Groves stated in a affidavit in a Supreme Court case in the 1850’s relating to the Railway’s purchase of land at Bowden belonging to the Sadgrove’s, that he witnessed John Henry’s signature on his Will and that he had left all of his belongings to his wife Susannah Sadgrove.
As Susannah Sadgrove is now a widow, life still has to go on and we find on 25 March 1849 her listed as the licensee of “Rose and Crown”, Bowden, near Adelaide. I have done some research on this hotel and found that unfortunately it is no longer standing.
The family continued living in the area and in June/July 1853 we find Susannah (the Mother) and her daughter Amelia charged with having stolen clothes belonging to their neighbours. In the Police court, Amelia admitted to taking the clothes for a joke and was committed for trial at the Local Court. Susannah was discharged. At the Local Court, the Crown Solicitor did not press the charge and Amelia was found not guilty.
Susannah Sadgrove must have stayed on at Bowden even after her children grew up, married and moved away. Little is known of her in the time till her death. She died at Bowden 24 August 1871 at the age of 73 years. Susannah died intestate. Admin was granted to William Henry Sadgrove on 8 January 1886, he was living at Glanville at the time and his occupation states ‘Cooper’.
Susannah Sadgrove was buried in the old Hindmarsh cemetery. As there was only a 25 year lease on the site the headstone if ever there was one has long since gone but we were able to take photos of the gravesite and its present owner. The grave is situated near the riverbed and walkway which is quite pleasant and peaceful. Large trees overhang the walkway creating a shady atmosphere with the gentle breeze through the leaves.
Next post Susannah’s Story.